Installation in UEFI mode

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Installation in UEFI mode

« Home » 14 Mart 2018. updated: ---

Introduction: UEFI, the Universal Extensible Firmware Interface, replaces the Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) firmware interface, is software stored on a small memory chip on the motherboard that runs first when the computer or laptop starts, which is responsible for loading Windows' system files. It is faster than the BIOS, it has more security features, boot-Secure and Windows Defender support to protect authentication, support for 2 terabytes of large hard drives and more than four partitions.

Important note before committing yourself to the following steps:

Attention! It is possible to convert MBR partitions with many free programs, so you do not have to format the entire HDD storage space, where you need to save all data, which is a "longer" operation. Here are just two of the most programs that will solve this problem well:

  1. MiniTool Partition Wizard versions 10.x

  2. AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard

If you still want to do the individual conversion without using the above mentioned programs, do the following:

If you want to use the benefits of UEFI without changing your old hard disk, you will need to delete the MBR partition table, because UEFI requires the new GPT partition. In this case, save all important data from your hard drive and USB device as they will be deleted

The operation consists of four parts: 1.) - Preparation, 2.) - Deleting partitions, 3.) - Deleting old MBR table, 4.) - Installing Windows 10

» First part: Preparation

First step:
  1. Download the Windows ISO Downloader.exe program that will download the Windows 10 ISO file. After downloading, click on the program icon, then select the Windows 10. radio button on the right side of the window, then select the Windows version (e.g: Windows Home / Pro) with click on the small, black down arrow, and then click the Confirm button that appeared. Choose the language at the bottom, left of the window, then click the Confirm button that appears below. Save, for example on Desktop. After selecting and confirming the language, you can download the 32/64 bit version in a new window

Second step:
  1. Connect a flash drive (or pendrive, but flash faster) more than 4 GB. to a free USB port of your computer or laptop. It does not have to be formatted for the moment.. Warning: Save all data on your USB device as they will be deleted!

Step Three:
  1. Download the Rufus, program to create bootable Windows installation system in UEFI mode. You do not have to install it, just click on the downloaded software icon, and you can use it right away. (In the beginning, you will be asked if allow search for a newer version. Click OK.) Then the program automatically finds the connected USB device, above, under Device. If find more than one device, select with small arrow that you want to use. Set the program as follows:

  2. Click the button SELECT, then in the Explorer window appears, you can search for the downloaded ISO Windows 10 file, and click on it to upload to the program

  3. Set the Standard Windows Installation to be configured for UEFI mode (click on the small arrow down)

  4. Under "Partition scheme" select GPT

  5. Set the NTFS under File system. If FAT32 is selected, click on small down arrow, and select NTFS. Under the New volume label, you can leave the name of the program, or you can enter a different name. For example: Windows 10

  6. Click the START button to copy the ISO files to the flash drive. It does not take more than a few minutes. When finished, click the Close button, which appears after copying the files

That's why we're really ready to launch Windows installation in UEFI mode, but the hard disk needs to be pre-prepared because it currently has a MBR partition scheme, but UEFI requires the GPT partitioning scheme, which is provided by the Rufus program, if you did the right thing

» Part two: Deleting partitions

Old MBR:

Restart your computer from the USB boot device created with the Rufus program, as if you were installing Windows, but just go to the PARTITION section, and then restart the computer again for the next step. Do as follows:

1.) – Restart the computer or laptop and immediately press the F2 (or DEL) button on the keyboard. The UEFI (BIOS) window appears, where select with mouse, the startup from the flash drive. Press the F10 key on the keyboard for “Save and Exit”, and when asked to confirm that you want to exit, click Yes or OK

2.) – Then restarts your computer, or laptop, and starts installation from the USB device. On the first setup screen, select the language, and keyboard input method - you can leave the default values, English, and click Next

3.) – Click on Install now in the middle of the window

4.) – In the next window DO NOT enter the Windows product key, because now you are not installing the system, just delete the partitions, click on the bottom, on the link I do not have a product key so you can move on

5.) – You must accept the following conditions. Check on the bottom, left, radio button next to Accept license terms and click Next

6.) – Select Custom section, as during installation, the hard disk can be partitioned

7.) – The following window is Where do you install Windows? The image in bottom shows an example of 320 Gb. hard drive. This disk contains multiple old MBR (Master Boot Record) BIOS partitions that can not install the new Windows system in UEFI mode. A pop-up window with error text appears: Windows cannot be installed on this disk. The selected disk has a MBR partition table. In UEFI, Windows can only be installed on GPT disks. Click OK in the small window

8.) – This warning window appeared because the hard disk now contains a MBR partition schema, but UEFI must now have the GPT partition schema

9.) – If you see multiple partitions in this window, and is similar to the image below, click with the left mouse button on each partition to select one by one (not matter the order) and click with the left mouse button, on the Delete button. Do not go any further. DO NOT click on Next button if your hard disk is split into more than one partition

10.) – Repeat the deletion with the remaining partitions until the entire 320GB remains (in this example)

Ready. Now only the old MBR partition table must be deleted. For MBR / GPT conversion, we use our own System Command Line tool. In the next step, all you have to do is delete the MBR table with Command Prompt with the clean command, for this RESTART THE COMPUTER

» Part Three: Convert MBR / GPT partitions

MBR / GPT:

Restart the computer from the USB device that contains the bootable Windows installation system that you prepared by the method described above, but just, go only to the Command Prompt sections, and then restart the computer again for the third time, for the final step of installing the Windows 10 system. Do as follows:

1.) – After you've finished deleting your partitions by the method described above, close the installation windows by clicking on the red button at the top right of the window, then automatically restart your computer. Press and hold F2 (or DEL) key on the keyboard to access the BIOS / UEFI window, and change Boot Order with the mouse to start the Windows installation created with the Rufus program on the Flash Drive. Press the OK button. Let's start it as if you want it were installing Windows

2.) – After restarting, start the Windows installation on the USB device. On the first installation screen, select the language, and keyboard input method - you can leave the default values ​​in English, and click Next

3.) – Click the Repair Your Computer link on the left, bottom of the window

4.) – Click the Troubleshoot button

5.) – Click the Command Prompt button in the Advanced Options window

6.) – In the Command Line window enter the diskpart command using the keyboard, then press Enter

7.) – In the new window, type the following commands using the keys on the keyboard one by one, and after each command you press the Enter key to confirm the order (of course, without numbers)

  1. list disk

  2. select disk 0

  3. clean

  4. convert gpt

  5. exit

Note: – There is no need to enter the gpt conversion command from the above command lines because the Windows installer created with Rufus will perform automatically. Therefore, after you have entered the clean command, you can directly type the exit command

» Part Four: Installing Windows

Installing in UEFI:

1.) – After entering the exit command, and pressing Enter, the window closes. Thereafter, close the installation windows by clicking on the red button at the top right of the window, then automatically restart your computer. Press and hold F2 (or DEL) key on the keyboard to access the BIOS / UEFI window, and change Boot Order with the mouse to start the Windows installation created with the Rufus program on the Flash Drive. Press the OK button.

2.) – After restarting, start the Windows installation on the USB device. On the first installation screen, select the language, and keyboard input method - you can leave the default values ​​in English, and click Next

3.) – Click on Install now in the middle of the window

4.) – In the next window, type the serial number you received after purchase (usually by e-mail), using the keypad. If you do not have one, click on the bottom of the window on the I do not have a product key link so you can move on. In this case, you must activate Windows within 30 days of installation. Click Next

5.) – You must accept the following conditions. Check on the bottom, left, radio button next to Accept license terms and click Next

6.) – Select Custom section, as during installation, the hard disk can be partitioned

7.) – Because all the partitions and the old MBR partition tables through the command line were deleted with the method described above, in this install section (in this example only) there is a clean 320 GB hard drive, which you can create new partitions, but now GPT partition tables, which can be installed Windows 10 in UEFI mode. The conversion is done by the Rufus installation program, with no intervention

8.) – For the new GPT conversion, do the following: Right-click on the link New

9.) – In the new window, enter the size of a new partition in the Size line, which can be specified in kilobytes. To create a 100 Gb partition. it takes 6 digits (eg: 100Gb. = 100303, slightly larger than the 100000 round), and click the Apply button

10.) – A new pop-up window appears with a warning that it will use the new UEFI GPT partition table instead of the old MBR (Master Boot Record), so unlike the old MBR, it will create several small hidden partitions for UEFI, which is another secure advantage (secure system startup). Prepare a 500 MB for recovery, a 100 MB partition for system, the rest of the system's own files, of which only the latter will be visible after installation, the smallest are hidden. Click OK

11.) – Repeat the operation until you find sufficient number of partitions, for example if you have three partitions, one 100-150 GB. for the operating system and games, and two to keep your personal data, there is a bigger chance that in the case of a fatal error personal data will be safe

Finally, click on the first partition that you created and then below on Format. Do the same with each partition. Make sure the file system is in format NTFS, and DO NOT format the three small partitions

12.) – After formatting, click the Next Now the installation really starts

Note: – If this description appears to be very long, it does not mean that everyone does not know how to install Windows in UEFI without IT knowledge. Simply start with the beginning of the description and open this page on your smartphone or tablet.

Note: – I have created this website with the latest AMP & "Accelerated Mobile Pages" and appears on any device with adequate sliding-free size. So if you open this page on a tablet or smartphone, you can follow this description while you install the system on your computer. Here, I would like to keep in mind that by transforming, deleting, creating new partitions and finally installing the system, I spent 30-40 minutes. It takes more time to read the description than to perform the operation. End.

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